Nonstructural Stormwater Controls

Nonstructural Best Management Practices (BMPs) preserve open space, protect natural systems and incorporate existing landscape features to naturally treat pollutants and prevent them from reaching waterways.

Stream Restoration

Stream restoration reestablishes the general structure, function and self-sustaining behavior of a stream system as it existed before it was disturbed. Restoration design focuses on both the physical and biological components of the stream system and its watershed.  Restoration uses many measures: removing watershed disturbances that are causing stream instability, installing structures and planting vegetation to protect stream banks and provide habitat, and reconstructing the curves, bends and depth of areas within the stream system.  Stream restoration projects reduce sediment and nutrients flowing into the Chesapeake Bay.
 
Stream Restoration at North West Branch Stream in Montgomery County
Before
Before
After

Disconnecting Impervious Surfaces

Disconnecting impervious surfaces from closed storm drain systems lets natural drainageways carry runoff into underlying soils and natural biological activity to remove pollutants.  Stormwater runs off from pavement through vegetated filter strips or side slopes to open ditches and channels.  Along the way, pollutants are reduced by vegetative filtering, biological uptake and infiltration. Closed storm drain systems lack this capability.
 
Open section highway in Howard County with disconnected pavement
Open section highway in Howard County with disconnected pavement
 

Turf filter strip along US 50 in Salisbury

Subsoiling

The Maryland Department of Transportation State Highway Administration (MDOT SHA) is determining whether subsoiling can open the soil profile, reduce compaction and increase infiltration.  Subsoilers are used to loosen and break up soil at depths below the level of traditional cultivation tools. They also improve plant growth and survivability.
 
Subsoiler
Subsoiler unit