Pollinator Habitat Plan


ButterflyThe Pollinator Habitat Plan of the Maryland Department of Transportation, State Highway Administration (MDOT SHA) was developed in response to the 2016 Pollinator Protection Act of the Maryland General Assembly, § 2-1801 Pollinator Habitat Plan, the 2017 amendments to the Act, and in consultation with the Pollinator Protection Plan of the Maryland Department of Agriculture.

Importance of Pollinators

MDOT SHA recognizes that pollinators are essential to our well-being, and that they are an important part of healthy ecosystems.  An estimated 85% of the world’s flowering plants depend on animal pollinators for their pollination and successful fruit development.  These crops produce our fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and livestock forage.

The number of wild pollinators — bees, wasps, flies, beetles, butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds, as well as managed hives of honey bees — is declining due to a loss of habitat, the spread of disease, and other factors.

The MDOT SHA Pollinator Plan creates naturalized areas planted with native nectar and pollinator-friendly plant species within rest areas and at MDOT SHA office facilities.

Designated Sites

MDOT SHA will designate locations and seek funding to create pollinator habitat areas. MDOT SHA commits to designating sites with a focus on managing habitat within naturalized gardens and meadows.  MDOT SHA Pollinator Plan designated sites will be located at MDOT SHA facilities around the State.


Vegetation at MDOT SHA Pollinator Plan sites is managed through a variety of activities and initiatives.

Designated sites, such as welcome centers, rest areas, select office complexes and similar facilities, provide attractive and diverse plantings that support pollinator habitat.

MDOT SHA maintains turfgrass and meadows in conformance with applicable laws and as needed to support adjacent activities.

MDOT SHA does not use pesticides containing neonicotinoids, pesticides that are toxic to bees, or seeds or plants treated with neonicotinoids at designated pollinator plan sites.



The plan's purpose is to enhance habitat areas for bees, butterflies and other threatened pollinators by:

  1. Providing seasonal flowers with nectar, pollen and nesting sites for pollinators.
  2. Providing refuge areas with plants and seeds not treated with neonicotinoid pesticides.
  3. Posting educational signs about pollinators and their habitat.

For More Information

For additional information contact Landscape Operations Team Leader Bob LaRoche at 410-545-8583.