Transportation Alternatives Program


SailAs part of the Federal Highway Administration Surface Transportation Program, the Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) is a reimbursable federal aid funding program for transportation-related community projects that strengthen the intermodal transportation system.

TAP funds projects that enhance the cultural, aesthetic, historic, and environmental aspects of the system. The program funds projects that create bicycle and pedestrian facilities, restore historic transportation buildings, convert abandoned railway corridors to pedestrian trails, and mitigate highway runoff.

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How the Program Works


The Maryland Department of Transportation State Highway Administration (MDOT SHA) administers TAP for all Maryland projects as a service to its customers. Under MAP-21 50% of funds apportioned to Maryland’s Transportation Alternatives Program are sub-allocated to three Maryland Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO). The Baltimore Regional Transportation Board (BRTB), Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG) and Wilmington Area Planning Council (WILMAPCO) review and approve projects within their area. Click here to see if your project is within one of these MPO’s.

MDOT SHA encourages the development of TAP projects for the 50% of the state-apportioned funds available to any area in the State, and provides some project support services. The TAP project sponsor is responsible for the design, management, construction, implementation and permit requests. All potential TAP projects require a sponsor for a minimum of 20% of the project costs. The project sponsor also assumes the maintenance and legal liability for the duration of the project’s useful life. Any project sponsored by a non-government agency, organization or individual must have a government agency as a co-sponsor.

TollhouseProject sponsors may include:

  • Local governments
  • Regional transportation authorities
  • Transit agencies
  • Natural resource and public land agencies
  • School districts and local education agencies
  • Tribal governments
  • Any local and governmental entity with oversight of transportation or recreational trails.

All TAP projects must include surface transportation and meet the criteria for one of the 9 Qualifying TAP Categories listed in the federal legislation. For information see the TAP manual (PDF, 12mb)

For guidance about remaining Transportation Enhancement Program (TEP) projects please click here (PDF, 2MB) to refer to the manual. .

Getting Started


As a potential project sponsor, first establish that your project is eligible for TAP funding by determining its qualifying category and relationship to surface transportation. If you are not a government agency be sure to secure a government agency co-sponsor for the project. TAP funding can be requested for up to 80% of a project’s total estimated cost. Since TAP only reimburses paid costs up to these limits, ensure other sources of non- federal transportation funding for a minimum of 20% of the project costs. Once this information has been considered, prepare a TAP application and submit it to MDOT SHA. Projects that provide more than the minimum 20% cash match will be considered stronger applicants during the selection process.

Transportation Alternatives (TA) Grant Application

FFY 2022 MDOT State Highway Adminstration Grant Awards


See additional resources below or contact us at:

Christy Bernal
Transportation Alternatives Program
Maryland State Highway Administration
Regional and Intermodal Planning Division
707 N. Calvert Street
Baltimore, MD 21202

Phone: 410-545-5675
Fax: 410-209-5025

Questions for Baltimore Metropolitan Council BMC - Contact Sheila Mahoney (410) 732-0500 x. 1008 /
Questions for Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments MWCOG – John Swanson 202-962-3295 /
Questions for Wilmington Area Planning Council WILMAPCO – Contact Heather Dunigan (302) 737-6205 ex 118 /

Additional Resources


NTEC’s MAP-21 TA Changes Summary: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse SUMMARY of MAP_21 Changes (PDF, 413kb)

Milestone Policy (PDF, 53kb)

30% Design Plan Activities (PDF, 41kb)

60% Design Plan Activities (PDF, 30kb)

National Recreational Trails Program

Maryland Bikeways Program

Federal Transportation Enhancement Information